CV vs Resume: The Key Differences to Choose Between the Two
What is a CV? Is it any different from a resume?
Why do some candidates apply with a CV and others use a resume? Is any of the two actually better than the other? Is resume just another word for CV, and vice versa?
In 5 minutes you’ll learn everything you need to know about the CV vs. resume difference.
This guide will show you:
- CV (Curriculum Vitae) definition and sample, and a resume definition and sample.
- The difference between a CV and a resume compared.
- When to use a CV and when to use a resume when applying in the US or Canada.
- What CV stands for outside of North America and what document to use when applying internationally.
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If you’re just looking for the bottom line, here it is:
A resume is a one- to two-page document presenting key facts about your professional experience, educational background, and skills. A CV (Curriculum Vitae) is a longer document that details the whole course of your career. A resume is used for job search, a CV—for academic purposes
A CV (full form Curriculum Vitae which is Latin for “course of life”) is an in-depth document which describes the whole course of your career in full detail. It’s usually two- or three-page long but can just as well be laid out over 10+ pages, if necessary. A Curriculum Vitae contains details about your education, professional career, publications, awards, honors, and other achievements. In the USA and Canada, a CV is used only for academic applications: academic jobs, grants, research fellowships, etc.
To see what it looks like check out the CV example below.
Curriculum Vitae Sample
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As you can see, what goes on a CV is very detailed and comprehensive: many sections, no bullet points, just plain text (after all, CV meaning is a course of life, no wonder it’s that long!)
Below you’ll see a full list of sections to put on a CV.
What to Include in a CV:
- Contact Information
- Research Objective, Personal Profile, or Personal Statement
- Professional Academic Appointments
- Book Chapters
- Peer-Reviewed Publications
- Other Publications
- Awards and Honors
- Grants and Fellowships
- Teaching Experience
- Research Experience / Lab Experience / Graduate Fieldwork
- Non-Academic Activities
- Languages and Skills
Before we show you a full resume/CV comparison, let’s quickly define résumé.
A resume (or résumé, from French “to sum up”) is a short, concise document used for job applications in the US and Canada. The purpose of a resume is to provide recruiters with a brief overview of the candidate’s work history. A good resume should be targeted at a specific job and one to two pages long.
Have a look at the below example made with our builder in US resume format. The difference between a resume and a CV is clear, isn’t it?
American Resume Sample
You can use our convenient Online Resume Builder to create a perfect American Resume. Simply pick one of our resume templates here.
If you want to learn more about how to write a job-winning resume, switch over to: How to Make a Resume for a Job (Samples & a Writing Guide)
Or check out a dedicated example of a resume for your job. We guarantee you’ll find it here: 99+ Resume Examples for All Jobs in the World
What should be on a resume, then?
What to Include on a Resume:
- Contact Information including Job Title
- Resume Summary or Resume Objective
- Work Experience
- Additional Sections (Awards, Courses, Resume Publications, Licenses and Certifications, Interests, etc.)
So now you know how should a resume look, but before we move on, a technical thing that confuses many job seekers: How to type a resume?
What’s the Proper Resume Spelling?
Although originally spelled “résumé” in French, in English both forms—”resume” and “résumé”—are correct.
The Difference In a Nutshell
The difference between a CV and a resume lies in the length, layout, and purpose of these documents. CVs have no length limit; resumes are typically one to two pages long. A CV details the whole course of the candidate’s academic career; a resume summarizes skills and work experience.
All of the above holds true for the US and Canada.
But what about international applications?
Resume vs. CV: International Differences & When to Use Which
In all of Europe (the UK, Ireland, and other European countries), as well as New Zealand, the term CV is used to describe an equivalent of a US resume: a short, targeted document you use to apply for jobs. There’s no such thing as a “resume” there.
There are only minor, region-specific differences between a New Zealand or European CV and an American resume. To learn more about writing a job CV, see: How to Write a CV for a Job Application
In Australia and South Africa, “Curriculum Vitae” and “resume” are synonyms that can be used interchangeably. Both words stand for a brief, one- to two-page document.
In South Asia, job seekers might need to use a slightly different document: a biodata. It’s a document which contains more personal, “biographical” data (hence the name): date of birth, gender, race, ethnicity, marital status, and salary. It’s commonly used in India and Bangladesh.
Here’s a full, step-by-step guide on writing a biodata: Biodata Format: Samples and 20+ Expert Tips
If a South Asian employer asks you for a “resume” or a “CV” specifically, don’t send over a biodata. Go for a document that follows the American resume rules.
Plus, a great cover letter that matches your resume will give you an advantage over other candidates. You can write it in our cover letter builder here. Here’s what it may look like:
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